Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis

MS Diagnosis

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Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is based on a consultation, medical imaging and lab testing. Neuroimaging and magnetic resonance imaging are both used to detect traces of MS.

MS Consultation

Your initial consultation will be with a neurologist that has a specialisation in diagnosing and treating Multiple Sclerosis. We place great focus on our clinical staff and their ability to deliver an accurate assessment. Any delay with the diagnosis of a serious

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1 Consultation
Initial consultation with a neurologist that has a specialisation in Multiple Sclerosis .
2 Assessment
Appointment with a for personal clinical assessment using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
3 Follow-up
During the 2nd consultation with the MS specialist neurologists , a clinical diagnosis & follow-up strategy are discussed, explained and agreed upon.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of MS is a very elaborate and complicated process as there is no single test that can point to the condition. This is because MS manifests itself with a multitude of unconnected health symptoms and it requires multiple clinical tests to be confirmed. The testing for MS can be broken down in the following areas:

 

  • Neurological consultation & examination
  • MRI brain & spinal cord scans
  • Evoked potential test
  • Lumbar puncture spinal fluid test
  • Blood tests for vitamin deficiencies
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Causes

It’s not clear what exactly causes multiple sclerosis. There has been reported that a genetic predisposition based on parental DNA can have an effect in your chances of suffering from MS.

 

Possible causes of MS include:

 

  • Genetics: People who are related to someone with MS are more likely to have the disease
  • Lack of sunlight & vitamin D deficiency: MS is more common in countries that have less sunlight with lower vitamin D levels
  • Viral infections: infections such as glandular fever might trigger MS
  • Smoking – Smokers are almost twice as likely to develop MS in comparison to non-smokers
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Treatment

Treatment for MS depends on the specific symptoms and difficulties the person has. It may include the treatment of relapses of MS symptoms (with steroid medication), treatment of specific MS symptoms, or for example treatment to reduce the number of relapses (disease-modifying therapies).

 

In the cases of increasing neurological disability, it is essential to sufficiently support the patients in their rehabilitation and disability management needs. In every case, the patient is supported by a team of many healthcare professionals working together.

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FAQs

Does it matter when MS is diagnosed?
Early diagnosis is critical in most serious conditions and as MS is a progressive, chronic, demyelinating disease. The sooner it is detected the earlier you can start treatment, which can significantly reduce the progress of the disease.

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Dr Lucio D’Anna
Consultant Neurologist

Dr Lucio D’Anna obtained his MD with Honours at the Medical School of the University of Udine, Italy and then he completed his Neurology training with Honours.

Dr Soumit Singhai
Geriatric & general internal medicine

Dr Singhai has been a Consultant Physician/Geriatrician since 2009, initially at the Homerton University Hospital Foundation Trust in London and then from 2016 he has been at the Lister Hospital in Hertfordshire.

Dr David Choluj
Lead Neurologist for MS

Dr David Choluj is a Consultant Neurologist with a further extensive experience in Stroke Medicine and Neurological Rehabilitation, based in London.

Prof. K. Ray Chaudhuri
Parkinson's Disease Expert

Professor K. Ray Chaudhuri is a world-renowned expert in Parkinson's disease. He is Professor of Neurology/Movement Disorders & Consultant Neurologist at King’s College Hospital & King’s College London and also Principal Investigator at the Maurice Wohl Clinical Neuroscience Institute.

Prof. Aarsland Dag
Geriatric Psychiatry

Dag Aarsland is Professor and Head of Department of Old Age Psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, and Consultant psychiatrist at the Mental Health for Older Adults, South London & Maudsley NHS Health Trust, where he leads the Parkinson Spectrum Memory Clinic.

Dr. Vinod Metta
Lead Interventional Neurologist

Dr Vinod Metta, consultant interventional neurologist & movement disorder specialist trained at Kings College Hospital London.

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