Psychotherapy provides a means of helping participants to resolve emotional threats and play an active role in their lives. Results of trials into the effectiveness of anti-depressant and anti-anxiety drugs in dementia have proven inconclusive. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find effective treatments for depression and anxiety for people affected by dementia.
The treatment of choice is Cognitive behavioural therapy (also known as CBT). CBT can help patients facing overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. CBT involves working together with a therapist to change thinking patterns and behaviours that lead to depressed mood or anxiety. It has recently been adapted to take into account the thinking and memory problems of people with dementia by providing strategies to help people remember what is said.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is delivered in three distinct phases:
- Build a collaborative relationship
- Provide psycho education about CBT
- Self-monitor and identify goals
Other therapies used at Dementech’s London clinic are Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP), which is a unique form of psychodynamic treatment that facilitates the rapid resolution of a broad spectrum of emotional disorders. It is an evidence-based psychotherapy that is strongly supported by current clinical research studies.