Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune neurological disease affecting the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). 'Sclerosis' means scarring or hardening of tiny patches of tissue. 'Multiple' is added because this happens at more than one place in the brain and/or spinal cord.
The symptoms of MS vary widely from person to person and can affect any part of the body. The main symptoms include:
- Difficulty walking
- Vision problems, such as blurred vision
- Bladder control issues
- Numbness or tingling in different parts of the body
- Muscle stiffness and spasms
- Problems with balance and coordination
- Problems with thinking, learning and planning
Depending on the type of MS, symptoms may come and go in phases, or get steadily worse over time.
Initial Assessment & Diagnostic testing
Initial consultation with a specialist physician.
Appointment with a neuropsychologist in the Neuropsychiatric Laboratory for computerized, detailed assessments of cognitive deficits and other neuropsychiatric issues associated with dementia.
Blood tests and imaging scans, outsourced to the highest quality and convenient centres in London.
When all results are available, a 2nd consultation with the doctor, where clinical diagnosis & follow-up strategy are discussed and explained.
Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis
A multiple sclerosis diagnosis is completed using a personal consultation and medical testing. It is based on clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging, lumbar puncture, blood tests and evoked potentials.
The diagnosis is made by a consultant neurologist who specialises in the treatment of MS.
Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis depends on the specific symptoms and difficulties the person has. It may include the treatment of relapses of MS symptoms (with steroid medication), treatment of specific MS symptoms, or for example treatment to reduce the number of relapses (disease-modifying therapies).
In the cases of increasing neurological disability, it is essential to sufficiently support the patients in their rehabilitation and disability management needs.
In every case, the patient is supported by a team of different healthcare professionals working together.
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