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Atypical Parkinsonism

Diagnosis & Treatment

Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) is a rare neurological disorder that develops in adulthood, usually in the 50s or 60s. MSA is caused by shrinking of nerve cells in several areas of the brain.


MSA can result in problems with multiple bodily functions such as speech, movement, balance, blood pressure and bladder control. PSP symptoms include loss of balance, falls (often backwards), stiffness and difficulties with vision, speech and swallowing. Eye problems cause difficulty in looking up or down, focusing, double or tunnel vision and dislike of bright lights. Some people can also experience behavioural and cognitive changes including depression and apathy.

CBS causes gradually worsening difficulties with movement, speech, memory and swallowing. Some patients will experience an involuntary stiffening, twisting or contraction of the affected limb called dystonia. There may be uncontrolled jumping of the limb when it is tapped gently or when the patient is startled, called myoclonus. People with CBS often complain that the affected limb feels like it is not a part of their body, a sensation called alien limb.

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Dementech Neurosciences offers a wide range of cutting-edge services, specifically designed for people with Vascular Dementia, such as the Dementech Biomarker Tools and genetic counselling appointments. By using the latest advances in imaging and genetics, we are able to answer all your questions regarding the diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring progression and response to treatment.

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At Dementech Neurosciences, we offer a multidisciplinary approach to treat all the variety of symptoms of Atypical parkinsonism. We have in-house speech and language therapist, occupational therapist, dietitian, psychologist and psychiatrist to manage effectively cognitive symptoms. Moreover, we offer the opportunity to participate in clinical trials testing novel pharmacological intervention, before they become available to the public, aiming to delay the progression of the disease. Caregivers may experience significant stresses and have a high level of burden; therefore we also offer caregiver support.

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