Typical complains may include difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep or early morning awakening, inability to return to sleep, excessive sleepiness, sleepwalking and repeated nightmares amongst others.
Sleep disorders are often accompanied by depression, anxiety and cognitive changes that need to be addressed in management and planning. Furthermore, sleep problems are established risk factors for the subsequent development of other medical conditions. A multidimensional approach, with consideration of possibly coexisting medical and neurological conditions, is always necessary to establish a clear diagnosis and formulate comprehensive management strategies.
The diagnostic process will usually involve two consultations, one with a mental health care specialist (psychologist or psychiatrist), who will ask you about your symptoms, your thoughts, feelings and behaviour patterns, followed by a series of individualised neuropsychological assessments performed by a neuropsychologist. A physical examination, laboratory tests and imaging scans are sometimes necessary to rule out other physical problems that could cause your symptoms.
In cases where a diagnosis of a disease has been established, our multidisciplinary team will do everything humanly possible to treat symptoms and prevent them from progressing further, involving as many specialists as required, hence improving the quality of life, the emotional health and the well-being of each individual.
Risk Assessment & Prevention
Risk assessments, prevention strategies and tools are used as it is far more efficient to prevent a disease from developing rather than try to treat it once it has progressed. However, in cases where a diagnosis of a disease has been established, our multidisciplinary team will ensure to its upmost ability in treating the symptoms and prevent them from progressing further, hence improving the quality of life, the emotional health and the well-being of each individual.
Simple lifestyle changes, sleep hygiene and dietary counselling are often enough to improve your sleep. If that doesn’t help cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) specifically designed for insomnia or medication may be necessary.